? Taylor? Styer? Mr.? Schultz? Honors? 10th? Language? Arts? October? 17th? 2014? Animal? Farm? Essay? In? 1917,? a? series? of? revolutions? erupted? in? Russia,? resulting? in? the? collapse? of? an? empire? under? Tsar? Nicholas? the? III? and? the? Tsarist? autocracy.? The? events? will? spawn? the? world’s? first? communist? state? under? Vladimir? Lenin? and? the? Bolsheviks.? In? 1945,? George? Orwell? published? Animal? Farm,? the? satirical? dystopian? novel,? to? expose? the? triumphs? and? flaws? of? the? Russian? Revolution.? Each? fictional? character? and? setting? in? the? novel? represents? a? real? olitical? figure? during? the? Russian? Revolution.? Orwell? displays? various? forms? of? irony? and? reversal,? expressing? his? political? views? on? the? use? of? power? during? the? Russian? Revolution.? In? the? beginning? of? the? novel,? the? animals? of? Manor? Farm,? prompted? by? the? prize? pig? Old? Major,? plan? a? rebellion? against? Jones,? the? human? owner? of? the? farm.? Three? younger? pigs? named? Napoleon,? Squealer,? and? Snowball? create? the? Seven? Commandments? in? which? all? animals? engaging? in? the? revolution? must? follow.? The? Seventh? and? final? commandment? states? “All? nimals? are? equal,”? (Orwell? 43).? The? Commandments? are? later? changed? to? one? overall? rule? expressed? as? “All? animals? are? equal? but? some? are? more? equal? than? others,”? (133).? This? represents? a? perfect? example? of? verbal? irony.? The? two? statements? completely? contradict? each? other.? Stating? “All? animals? are? equal”? indicates? no? animal? more? equal? than? another,? yet,? the? pigs? have? the? most? power? over? the? farm.? Orwell? uses? this? verbal? irony? showing? the? pigs,? and? more? prominently? Napoleons? use? of? brainwashing,? to? accumulate? power.? Another? one? of? he? Seven? Commandments? ? is? read? as? “No? animal? shall? drink? alcohol,”? (43).? The? rules? become? bent,? again? by? Napoleon? and? the? pigs.? After? their? victory? at? the? Battle? of? the? Windmill,? the? pigs? discover? a? case? of? whisky? in? the? farmhouse? and? proceed? to? drink? the? alcohol? until? becoming? drunk.? The? other? pigs? believed? Napoleon? was? dying? but? he? really? suffered? from? a? hangover.? One? animal? points? out? Napoleon's? mistake,? but? he? acts? quickly? accusing? the? animals? of? confusion? and? changes? the? commandment? so? the? rules? read? “No? animal? shall? rink? to? excess,”? (Animal? Farm).? Napoleon,? the? leader? of? the? animals,? the? curator? of? the? Seven? Commandments,? cannot? abide? by? the? rules.? Napoleon? represents? Lenin? while? the? pigs? represent? the? Bolshevik? party.? This? is? quite? obvious? irony? for? he? states? these? rules? yet? cannot? follow? them? himself.? This? is? also? quite? juvenalian? for? the? light,? happy? nature? of? the? narrator? offers? readers? a? good? laugh? at? the? sheer? corruption? of? the? pigs? government.? After? the? animals? overthrow? the? humans,? the? reader? expects? the? rebellion? to? go? harmoniously,? et? begins? to? fall? apart.? Orwell? utilizes? situational? irony? various? times? showing? the? reader? how? the? pigs? begin? their? transformation? into? Jones,? the? drunken? neglectful? farmer,? and? the? catalyst? of? the? animals? revolution.? The? use? of? irony? helps? show? how? Orwells? criticizes? the? values? of? the? Bolsheviks? and? their? abusive? use? of? power.? Later? in? the? novel,? the? pigs,? along? with? Napoleon,? begin? to? change.? They? change? various? commandments,? they? change? the? mindset? of? other? animals? but? more? importantly,? the? pigs? begin? standing? on? their? hind? egs? (Animal? Farm). In? the? beginning? of? the? novel,? the? sheep? begin? a? chant? saying? “Four? legs? good,? two? legs? bad,”? (63).? Later,? after? seeing? the? pigs? evolution,? the? sheeps? begin? shouting? “Four? legs? good,? two? legs? better…”? (132).? The? pigs? standing? up? on? their? hind? legs? and? becoming? more? human? contradicts? the? reason? they? rebelled? in? the? first? place.? They? rebelled? and? made? certain? chants? and? rules? for? a? reason.? Orwell's? use? of? reversal? in? this? example? ? emphasizes? how? the? animals? rebellion? did? not? work? out? and? how? the? novel? nds? with? the? farm? in? a? totalitarianistic? government,? the? same? way? the? farm? was? before? the? rebellion.? Reversal? is? also? developed? by? the? pigs? disregard? to? the? Seven? Commandments.? The? pigs? begin? to? shy? away? from? the? commandments? established? at? the? beginning? of? the? revolution? (Animal? Farm).? The? second? commandment? is? deemed? irrelevant? when? Napoleon? must? engage? in? trade? with? Mr.? Whimper? of? Willington.? The? pigs? go? on? to? breaking? almost? all? of? the? commandments? by? sleeping? in? beds,? drinking? whisky,? and? killing? other? animals.? Orwells? eversal? exposes? the? hypocrisy? of? the? policy? created? by? the? regime? for? unconditional? equality.? Reversal? helps? Orwell? express? his? political? views? on? use? of? power? during? the? Russian? Revolution.? Animal? Farm,? the? satirical? novel,? is? used? by? Orwell? to? criticize? the? use? and? abuse? of? power? by? Stalin? and? the? Bolsheviks? during? the? Russian? Revolution.? Orwell? uses? many? forms? of? satire? but? reversal,? and? irony? stand? out? the? most.? With? this? novel,? Orwell? exposes? the? animalistic? behaviors? of? the? human? leaders? during? the? Russian? Revolution.? ?