a) is a group of employees that is based on the business activities they perform (for example, human resources, customer service, sales, etc.) Such workers possess similar skills and share the area of expertise, and that’s why it’s more efficient for a company to group and manage them as a single entity.
b) is a group of operations or activities that exist to achieve a common goal and to complete one or several tasks, such as promotion, accounting, distribution, production, legal, etc.
c) is an alternate term for a business unit.
In a Sentence:
Due to the essential value of computers in our company, it’s no wonder the management decided to create an IT support functional area.
In the last three months, HyperFit has received several lawsuits, which lead to the appearance of the legal functional area in the organization’s structure.
Smith & Derek is an enormous corporation with thousands of clients around the United States alone, so it makes sense that they value their customer service support functional area the most.
Synonyms and related words: department, business unit, functional management, functional strategy