Eric Arthur Blair, a writer, and publicist, was born on June 25, 1903, known throughout the world under the pseudonym George Orwell. His novels “Animal Farm” and "1984" are the most striking works written in the genre of anti-utopia, whose flowering dates back to the 20th century. It is worth noting that Orwell was the first to describe the political system, which is based on global pervasive lies, hypocrisy and systematic “brainwashing”.
The paratroop-dystopia “Animal Farm”, which became an allegory for the revolution of 1917 and subsequent events in the USSR, came to light in August 1945. It shows the evolution of animal society from complete freedom after the expulsion of the previous farm owner to the dictatorship of Napoleon’s boar. This work represents the structure of mankind, some classes of people, who have little power to clean up their hands and everything connected with it. Dictatorship. Totalitarianism. Orwell showed very well how the society could be divided into parts for its own benefit, infringing and humiliating, or even killing oneself to achieve their goals in managing them. The author created a real satire on politics, power, laws, our society as a whole and on the order. This work was preceded by a future anti-dystopia novel “1984”, also a caustic caricature of a totalitarian system, and we can find a lot of parallels in these two works.
A few years later, Orwell created the main work of his life - the dystopia of 1984, which presented the world with such images and concepts as the Elder Brother, the Ministry of Truth, the dualism and the newness. In the novel, the writer continued to develop the themes of the betrayal of the revolution and the authoritarian dictatorship, exploiting the achievements of the revolution that had been plunged into it. The new society, which replaced capitalism in 1984, completely denies the autonomy and freedom of the individual, suppresses and fully controls all and everyone.
Although each book describes societies on completely different ends of the ideological or political spectrum. Moreover, Orwell implied them as a warning. Orwell really turns out all human feelings and insides on the wrong side.
Orwell built his own books on the whole country, a separate world built on the foundation of propaganda. He wanted to keep us from moving into this world, but it was not so simple. These two dystopias, although they describe the society on absolutely different ideological and political spectra, the author meant the general idea of prevention.