?The Cop And The Anthem By O Henry 1) What are the signs of approaching winter in the story? The signs of approaching winter given by the author are: 1. The birds (geese) flying south 2. Women wanting to buy new warm coats (sealskin coats – coats made from sealskin keep people really warm) 3. The dead leaves falling from trees Three signs of approaching summer in India are: Dry river beds Barren and dry land, trees drooping from lack of water Mango season (summer fruit in India) Very hot….. reaching 45°C Signing of the Koel bird ) What are the ‘troubles’ that Soapy would have to plan for? Soapy was a homeless man. Being homeless in New York meant that when winter approached he had troubles on how to keep himself warm and sheltered during the cold winter. He needed to arrange a warm place to stay and food to eat. 3) How was Soapy’s plan for the winter different from the other people of New York? Many people from the city of New York would plan to escape to warmer places during winter. People would plan holidays to Southern parts of the country (like Florida) or take a Mediterranean cruise.
However, Soapy was not like that. He was happy with a place which would provide him a warm shelter and guaranteed food. His idea was to get arrested for some petty crime and be sent to prison for 3 months. 4) Why Did Soapy not accept the charity given by the government for the homeless during winter? What does this tell you about him? There were several charitable places providing a warm shelters and simple food during winter. However, they humiliated the poor or asked lots of personal questions. Soapy was a proud man with self respect. He was not willing to ell people his personal information for a warm place and food. In prison no one asked personal questions or humiliated people. This is the reason why he felt that it was better to get arrested and put in prison rather than to take charity from the government. 5)Which two things tell us that after the waiter saw Soapy’s frayed trouser he did not get to eat there? The two things which tell us that the Soapy did not get to eat in the nice restaurant are: 1. The staff turned him around and threw him out of the restaurant. 2. The duck that he was planning to eat was not killed for his meal a) Fill in sequential flow cart to show Soapy’s journey from Madison Square bench to Blackwell Island prison. Bench in Madison Square v Tried to eat in a nice restaurant but was thrown out v Broke a glass window but was not arrested as the cop thought a suspect would not stand waiting to get arrested v Ate a huge meal at an average restaurant but did not pay for it. He was thrown out on the street but the cops were not called v Started shouting loudly and behaving drunk but was passed of as being a drunk young college kid celebrating a game won (orders were given not to arrest such kids) v
Stole an umbrella from a person who had stolen it earlier and did not want to tell the cops v Came near a church on his way back to Madison Square where he heard an anthem from his younger days being played v Loudly cursed all policemen he saw as he was walking as he was desperate to get arrested v The anthem reminded him of his good old days and he decided to change (reform himself) v Arrested for loitering 6b) What spoilt his chances of being arrested every time he tried? Soapy was just unlucky that he could not get arrested. All his plans to get arrested by the cops back fired.
Below are the things he did to try and get arrested: 1. When he went to the restaurant he was thrown out for not having suitable pants and shoes 2. When he broke the glass window he was not arrested. He told the cop he broke the window but the cop did not believe him. The cop did not believe a person would commit a crime and would wait to get arrested. Instead the cop ran after a man who was running to catch a cab. 3. When he ate a huge meal at an average restaurant and could not pay for it, he was thrown out on the street. The cops were not called. 4.
When he started shouting and behaving like he was drunk the cops passed him off as a college kid. A nearby college had a won a game and the kids were drunk and celebrating. The cops were given orders not to arrest the kids. 5. When he stole the umbrella from a person, that person chose not to tell the cops because he himself had stolen the umbrella in the morning. 6. Loudly cursed policemen he saw as we was walking 7)Soapy had a change of heart, what do we mean by that? Is it same as i)change of mind ii)change of tone iii)change of attitude iv)change of word? Why? Why not?
Soapy had a change of heart means change of attitude. The change came about in Soapy when he heard the anthem playing in the church. It was a song he knew when he was young and it reminded him of his past life. He remembered that his life contained such things as mothers, flowers, high hopes, friends, clean thoughts and clean clothes. At that moment, there was a sudden and wonderful change in his heart. He realized how he had wasted his life and wanted to change himself and become a responsible and respected person. He wanted to become a somebody and not be a nobody. )When the second restaurant threw him out Soapy “stood up slowly one part at a time. ” What does this tell you about the punishment? Soapy could not pay his bill at the second restaurant and asked the waiters to call the cops. However, instead of calling the cops they probably beat him and threw him out of the restaurant. This is the reason why he stood up slowly. He must be hurting from the punishment they gave him. 9)A sudden fear caught Soapy. No cop was going to arrest him. Is not being arrested the real fear or is it something else?
Not being arrested was not Soapy’s real fear. His real fear was about how he would face the winter in New York. The winters in New York are extremely cold. There are bitter cold winds and snow. 10)Soapy had a change of heart. What resolutions did he make to change his life? Write as: I must On hearing the anthem which reminded of his good days, Soapy had a change of heart. He resolved that he will change his life and rise from the bad state he had fallen into. He resolved to pursue his ambitions and to become a responsible and respected man.
He decided to look for a job. Resolutions as I must: I must improve my life I must get a job I must become a responsible man I must conquer the evil I must forget my bad habits 11)How does the writer show Soapy had seen better time? The write, O Henry shows that Soapy had seen better times when he was young by giving references like mothers, roses, ambitions, friends, good thoughts and collars. 12)How has the writer created a unique character in Soapy? What are his special traits? Soapy is a unique character created by O Henry.
He has a few strengths and weaknesses. His strengths are that he is resourceful and proud or self-respecting and private An example of his resourcefulness is that he knows exactly what he must do to achieve his goal of being arrested and sent to the Island prison. Even though things do not work out the way he plans, he persists in pursuing his objective. An example of him being proud or self-respecting is that he does not like to accept charity. This is shown in the story when is mentions re would not like to go to the shelters.
He is also a private man as he does not want to share information on himself with others. His main weaknesses are that he is lazy and lacks ambition. Soapy is happy being a homeless man sitting on a bench doing nothing. This shows that he is lazy. He has no direction in his life and rather than trying to earn a living to get out of his state, he prefers to be arrested in winter to escape the cold. This shows that he lacks ambition 13)Why is the ending of this story ironic? Soapy is a homeless man in New York City who is trying to get arrested to escape the harsh winter by being in prison.
The irony here is just that when Soapy wants to get arrested and taken to jail, he can never manage to get a police officer to arrest him. But on hearing the anthem, when he decides to change his ways by taking up a job and becoming a responsible person, he is arrested. He is arrested for just standing on the side of the road and thinking. The cops think he is loitering. I think it is ironic that Soapy finally gets what he had wanted earlier in the story, but now he no longer wants that. This is a situational irony. Why is the irony situational? OR State the types of irony in the story?
Situational irony means that the outcome of actions or events is different than the desired or expected result. The irony here is just that when Soapy wants to get arrested and taken to jail, he can never manage to get a police officer to arrest him. But on hearing the anthem, when he decides to change his ways by taking up a job and becoming a responsible person, he is arrested. He is arrested for just standing on the side of the road and thinking. The cops think he is loitering. I think it is ironic that Soapy finally gets what he had wanted earlier in the story, but now he no longer wants that.
EUPHEMISM A euphemism is a generally harmless word, name, or phrase that replaces an offensive or suggestive one. For Example: "Island" for "prison" SYNECDOCHE A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole (set of wheels for a car), the whole for a part (twenty sails arrived at the harbor instead of twenty sailboats). Even specifics used to describe general things are synecdoche. For example xerox for photocopying or Bug or all type of insects. For Example: "Blue Coats" for "policeman" [referring to the blue uniforms worn by policemen “Brass Buttons” for policemen collars” for “good clothing OTHER QUESTIONS 1) What is the importance of anthem in “The Cop and the Anthem," by O. Henry? The anthem is the turning point of the story. Till Soapy hears the anthem, his objective is to get arrested and sent to prison to escape the bitter New York winter. He tries several times but fails. When he has given up and it walking towards his bench in Madison Square, he hears the anthem being played in the church. This reminds him of his younger, happy and good days. This makes him realise how he has wasted his life and he decides to change his ways.
This is the turning point in the story. This is also the point where the author, O Henry, introduces the situational irony of the story. After deciding to give up his old ways and become responsible, he gets arrested for loitering around. 2) Who are the characters in the cop and the anthem? The characters in "the cop and the anthem", are Soapy, the cops and the people of the city. Soapy is the major character and so he is protagonist in the story. [Protagonist means main character. ] The cops and the people of the city if New York are the antagonists.
An antagonist is a character or group of characters that oppose the main character, or the main characters. In the story, the cops and the people of New York fail each attempt of the main character (Soapy) from getting arrested. 3)Why does O' Henry choose the title "The cop and the anthem"? The whole point of the story is the irony at the end and it is cops and an anthem that provide the irony. This is why O Henry chose this title for his short story. Throughout the story, Soapy wants to get arrested but is not successful.
The situation becomes really ironic right at the end of the story. At the end, he stands outside the church listening to an anthem he remembers from his youth. He is inspired by the memory of better times and decides that he will change his life. Right then a cop arrests him for wondering around (loitering), just as he had previously wanted. 4)What is the theme of the cop and the anthem by O Henry? The story is about a homeless man in New York City. This man has no ambitions in life and is throwing away his life. He is happy the way he is and his only worry is the winters of New York.
Since he is a proud and private person, he does not like to take advantage of the charity offered by the government. Hence he makes a plan each year to get arrested for a petty crime and sent to prison for three months. The theme of the cop and the anthem by O. Henry is based on the saying “Be careful of what you set your heart upon, for it will surely be yours. ” After several failed attempts in getting arrested, when Soapy decides to change his ways and become responsible and respected, he gets arrested for no actual reason. This is very ironic as well. 5)What is the Mood of the Story?
The Cop and the Anthem is a story about a homeless person trying to get arrested to be sent to prison to escape the harsh winter. Unfortunately he does not succeed. Eventually he realizes he is wasting his life and decides to change his ways. Ironically that is when he gets arrested for loitering around. Whilst reading the story one feels sympathy for Soapy and his efforts to get arrested are funny and make us smile. The mood of the story is light and humorous (funny). 5) Which one of Soapy's attempts at getting arrested do you find most amusing? Why? _____________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 6)What was Soapy's "hibernatorial ambition"?
Where was he planning to go to avoid the cold winter in New York? Every year during winter, Soapy got arrested for some petty crime. The punishment awarded for such petty crimes of 3 months in the city jail. There he was guaranteed a warm shelter, bed and food during the bitter cold winters. This was his way of escaping from the bitter winters. Since he used to do this every year, it was like hibernation for Soapy. Just like the squirrels or bears hibernated in winter, Soapy hibernated to prison every winter 7) What did Soapy do to try to get himself arrested? Describe each incident briefly and its result (How did he get out of each trouble)? _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 8) What did Soapy do to try to get himself arrested by "disorderly conduct"? Soapy tried to get arrested for “disorderly conduct” by behaving like a drunk person and shouting amd yelling.
However, the cop did not arrest him as he thought he was a boy from a nearby college who was celebrating a game win over Hartford College. The cops were given orders by their seniors not to arrest such people for that day. 9) What did Soapy resolve to do the moment before he got arrested? A change came about in Soapy when he heard the anthem playing in the church. It was a song he knew when he was young and it reminded him of his past life. He remembered that his life contained such things as mothers, flowers, high hopes, friends, clean thoughts and clean clothes. At that moment, there was a sudden and wonderful change in his heart. He realized how he had wasted his life and wanted to change himself and become a responsible and respected person.
Ironically, immediately after this, Soapy was arrested for loitering around. 10) Write ‘True’ or ‘False’ against each of the following. (i) Soapy did not want to go to prison. _______ (ii) Soapy had been to prison several times. ________ (iii) It was not possible for Soapy to survive in the city through the winter. _________ (iv) Soapy hated to answer questions of a personal nature. _________ (v) Soapy stole a man’s umbrella. _______ (vi) The owner of the umbrella offered to give it to Soapy. _______ (vii) The man had stolen the umbrella that was now Soapy’s. _______ (viii) Soapy threw away the umbrella. _______ (ix) Soapy went to Riker’s prison ix) Soapy spent 3 winters at the prison ANSWER: (i) False Soapy wanted to go to prison. (ii) True (iii) False There were places in the city where he could go and ask for food and a bed. These would be given to him. (iv) True (v) True (vi) False The owner of the umbrella followed Soapy saying that it was his umbrella. On seeing a cop, he said that he had found it in a restaurant, and that if it belonged to Soapy, he was free to take it. He never offered to give it to Soapy. (vii) True (viii) True (ix) False – he went to Blackwell’s prison (x) False – he spent several winters. No mention of number of years 11) What was Soapy’s first plan? Why did it not work?
Soapy’s first plan was to have a good dinner at some fine restaurant and then say that he had no money to pay. This would cause a cop to be called, who would then arrest him. The judge would do the rest. However, his plan did not work. As soon as Soapy entered the restaurant door, the head waiter saw his broken old shoes and the torn pants. As a result, Soapy was turned out of the restaurant. 12)Why did Soapy feel he would be allowed in the fancy restaurant for a meal? Soapy was confident he would be allowed entry into the restaurant. He felt this way because he was clean shaven and was wearing a decent and clean jacket and tie. He thought the restaurant staff may not look at his dirty old shoes and torn trousers. 3)What did he plan to eat at the restaurant and why? Soapy planned to irder a roasted duck with a bottle of Chablis wine, Camembert cheese and a cigar. He did not want the bill to be too high He thought if the bill was too high then the restaurant management would take revenge on him and have him beaten up for the failure of not paying. 14) “But the cop’s mind would not consider Soapy”. What did the cop not consider, and why? The cop did not consider that Soapy could have broken the window of the shop. He did not consider him because men who broke windows would not stop to talk to the cops and accept their crime. They would run away as fast as they could.
On the other hand, Soapy was standing right there and admitting his crime. The cop then saw a man further along the street, running, and he ran after him, thinking that he was the culprit. 15)“We have orders to let them shout”. What is the policeman referring to? When Soapy began to shout as if he was drunk, the cop turned his back to him and said to a man standing near that the person shouting was one of the college boys and he would not hurt anything. He said the kids were from a nearby college and they were celebrating a game win over Hartford College. He said that the police had orders not to arrest these kids. 16) “There was a sudden and wonderful change in his soul”. What brought about the change in Soapy?
The change came about in Soapy when he heard the anthem playing in the nearby church. The song was familiar to him. He remembered knowing this song when he was younger and it reminded him his mother, roses, ambitions, friends, clean thoughts and clean clothes. At that moment, there was a sudden and wonderful change in his soul. He realized how he fallen and realized he was living a worthless life. He had a change of heart where he decided to improve his life, get a job and become a responsible and respected person. He wanted to become a somebody and not be a nobody. 17) Why did Soapy not want to go to those places in the city where he could get food and shelter ? Soapy’s had a self respect. He feared that if he pproached such places he would have to do certain things that humiliated spirits to pay for what they gave him. He said there was no such thing as a free lunch. They would also ask personal questions and being a private person, he hated giving out information of himself. 18)How did Soapy try to keep himself warm on the bench in Madison Square? Or How does Soapy try to stay warm during the cold weather? Soapy tried to keep himself warm on the bench in Madison Square by wearing his coat to sleep and covering himself with a set of three newspapers. 19)Why did the umbrella man not call the cop when Soapy stole his umbrella ? At a cigar store he saw a well-dressed man having a silk umbrella.
Whilst the man was lighting a cigar the silk umbrella was parked near the side. Soapy passed by and took the umbrella. The man with the cigar quickly followed him and stopped him. He demanded is umbrella. Soapy tried to behave rudely to add to the petty crime he committed and told him to call the cop if he had taken his umbrella. Unfortunately for Soapy, the umbrella man himself was a thief. He had stolen the umbrella that morning only and so when he saw a cop passing by he did not have the courage to complain about Soapy’s crime. He let Soapy take the umbrella 20)How can you describe Soapy in "The Cop and the Anthem"? Soapy's is not a bad character. He is just looking for an easy way to spend the winter.
Rather than getting a job to earn money, his goal at the beginning of the story is to commit a minor crime that will guarantee him three months in jail. He'll have food and a warm place to stay. Soapy is too proud to accept public charity. He doesn't want to accept anything that will have some kind of strings attached. He is also a very private person who does not like to share information about himself. He's clever to try five different ways to get arrested, but it seems he is incredibly unlucky because every attempt fails, usually in some ironic sense. When he finally hears the anthem, decides to turn over a new leaf, and get a job, he is ironically arrested. Though he doesn’t want this now, his original wish is granted.
He can be labeled as proud, persistent, lazy, unambitious, clever, and unlucky. 21)How is winter a symbol in "The Cop and the Anthem" by O Henry? In O Henry's short story, "The Cop and the Anthem," winter symbolizes change. Change is shown by geese flying south, people wanting new warm coats and leaves falling from trees. It is also shown by people planning holidays to warmer climates. Soapy realizes that if he hopes to be comfortable in the winter, he must find a warm place to live. Since he is proud he refuses the charity offered by the government. So he is willing to give up his wandering ways to get arrested and sent to the confines of jail. 2)Does the story say something about life in a big city? O. Henry's short story "The Cop and the Anthem" does, depict the heartless nature of urban people. When Soapy enters the restaurant the head waiter immediately zeroes in on him as an "undesirable" and escorts him out of the restaurant. Also, Soapy eventually getting arrested for just loitering or wandering around shows how homeless are looked down upon. 23)What does Soapy fear? Soapy fears the winter, considering that he is homeless and lives on the street. Soapy knows that there are various services available to the homeless in winter. However, Soapy, being proud, feels that accepting these services is humiliating.
So his plan is to get arrested for a petty crime and be sent to a prison named Blackwell for three months. This way he would escape the winter. 24)What would be a moral that one can learn from "The Cop and the Anthem" that is applicable to one's life? In this story O Henry is trying to bring about awareness of homeless people. He is trying to convey that every homeless person reason for being how they are. Though the story does not mention how Soapy became homeless, it does mention that Soapy had seen better days. O. Henry tries to make us feel sympathy for him and to hope for better things when Soapy begins to plan a future for himself. However, the irony leaves us disappointed 25. Whom did the police chase instead of arresting Soapy?